Standards and Procedures
Objectives and Characteristics
The postgraduate course program involves theoretical and experimental subjects classified as mandatory and optional. The overall goal is to train teachers and doctors are able to study and understand the functioning of ecosystems in the region, from the physical point of view, in the context of global change, human action impacts on these ecosystems, as well as enable the development of the ability to perform research in the area of Global Climate Change.
In general, the professional profile to be formed is the one who:
1 - Systematic knowledge acquired from various physical factors that act jointly in establishing the overall conditions of the environment and the Earth's climate and the role of the region in this context;
2 - Has acquired a broad view of the dynamics of environmental change that includes political components, social, cultural, economic, ecological and environmental;
3 - Has acquired the ability to relate to his ability, acquired knowledge, with the components of the dynamics of environmental change previously mentioned;
4 - Has the ability to interact with professionals from these fields of jurisdiction to propose new interdisciplinary research and / or participate in advisory groups to solve environmental problems and the definition of new land tenure and production system feasibility policies. Own this profile, the professional must acquire first knowledge of measurement techniques of physical parameters involved and also the theories available on the important processes in the issue of global changes.
This requires the professional knowledge available about:
- The nature of environmental problems including all its dimensions and relations between the political, social, economic, cultural, ecological, environmental, etc;
- The ecosystem functioning;
- Biogeochemical cycles, hydrological and nutrients;
- Theory of multiple relationships between the concentration of CO2 in the air and other important parameters such as temperature, photosynthesis, humidity, precipitation and burned and their relations with the human dimension;
- Theory of Complex Systems (Complexity Theory), such as the concept of structural coupling and thermodynamics of nonequilibrium;
- Evolution of regional environmental conditions over time, in archaeological and geological scale;
- Information Theory;
- parametric and nonparametric statistics;
- Computer simulation techniques;
- Regulatory processes of the temperature of the region and of the globe;
- Atmospheric chemistry and atmosphere-biosphere and geosphere biosphere-interfaces;
- Regimes of wind and rain and its relations with regional ecosystems;
- Seasonal processes, such as the reconstitution of the foliage;
- Energy balance, which involves its assessment methods (such as the Bowen ratio and the eddy covariance), and experimental techniques measures the incident and reflected radiation and energy flows in the soil and due to evapotranspiration;
- Differences between the relevant physical parameters to locations of different natures, such as forest, savannah, pasture and crops;
- Relationship between these physical parameters and the geology of the various areas studied;
- Physical and environmental conditions of the transition regions;
- Photosynthesis theory;
- Understanding quantum description of the process of absorption and emission of radiation by molecules.
In addition to such knowledge, the education received by the Environmental Physics course must meet conditions to propose solutions to environmental problems as well as for the design of the human occupation of the region. This professional can work in addition to research activities themselves, in consulting services and environmental conservation projects, occupation of new locations, expansion of agricultural land, recovery of degraded areas and design of forest reserves - including expropriation procedures and reform land.